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Battle for Bass comes to Parliament as new report shows that recreational angling delivers three times the economic benefits of commercial fishing.

01.12.14

Photo licensed from iStock: http://www.istockphoto.com/photo/bass-3128300

Angling and conservation groups are gearing up for a parliamentary debate this week (Wednesday) on the management of sea bass stocks ahead of a crucial meeting of the EU Fisheries Council in Brussels.

The debate has been called by Conservative MP George Hollingbery, Chair of the All Party Parliamentary Group on Angling, following the outcry over attempts by the European Commission to respond to the decline in bass numbers by limiting anglers to just one fish a day whilst proposing only minimal restrictions on the commercial fleet, who are responsible for more than three quarters of all bass mortalities.

The latest scientific advice issued by the International Council for the Exploitation of the Seas (ICES) in June 2014 recommends a staggering 80 per cent cut in landings of bass across the EU for 2015. This follows advice for a 36 per cent cut in 2013 which was not acted upon. The decline is the result of intensive overfishing, increasing fishing effort targeting the bass spawning aggregations and successive years of recruitment failure.

MPs will point out that Fisheries Ministers of both governments have been well aware of the parlous state of bass numbers around the inshore waters of England and Wales and the long overdue need to introduce measures to prevent a catastrophic stock collapse. The results from October's Solent bass survey confirm five poor year classes in a row (2008 - 2012) and offers a bleak prospect for the future unless serious conservation measures are introduced.

The value to the economy of a European bass caught by sea anglers using rod and line is more than three times that of a fish caught and landed commercially, according to a study for the Blue Marine Foundation published today. The report also found that bass fishing by anglers also creates three times the number of jobs as commercial fishing, with a lower environmental impact than any commercial fishing method other than hook and line.

The research conducted by respected fisheries consultancy, MRAG, showed that anglers bass fishing in Sussex contributed to a total overall spend of  £31.3 million through tackle, charter boats and hotels to catch bass in 2012 and created 353 full time jobs.  In comparison, commercial sea bass landings in Sussex generated only £9.25 million and 111 full time jobs.

The conclusion drawn by the Blue Marine Foundation, which funded the study, and supported by the Angling Trust, is that it would be better both economically and environmentally if the commercial fleet converted to charter angling and rod and line fishing, making bass a recreational species as it is in Ireland.

David Mitchell, Marine Campaigns Manager for the Angling Trust and a contributor to the report, said:
The results of this study prove once and for all that that recreational angling is the most economically valuable and least environmentally damaging way of fishing for bass – delivering over £31m and 350 jobs in Sussex alone! Looking at the per tonne of bass retained the final economic output could be as much as 75 times greater from recreational fishing than it is from commercial bass fishing. The EU Commission have proposed a disproportionate  one fish per angler, per day, bag limit on recreational bass fishing but it’s clear from the evidence that recreational bass angling is by far the most sustainable and profitable method of fishing for bass.

It’s now time for policy makers at EU and UK level to make evidence-based policy to protect bass stocks and recognize that commercial bass fishing is a damaging and economically inefficient method of exploiting this species
”.

George Hollingbery MP added:
Bass numbers are in catastrophic decline around the coast of the UK and yet those in charge still continue to go for the path of least resistance; slamming recreational anglers while not dealing adequately with the primary source of the problem, the number of bass being taken in the nets of commercial fishing boats.

Couple that with constant delay in increasing the minimum size of fish that can be landed legally and we have the perfect storm – unsustainable levels of harvesting of fish that are not even being allowed to reach breeding age before they are netted.”

Charles Clover, chairman of the Blue Marine Foundation which commissioned the study, said:
The overwhelming economic, environmental and democratic logic of what the report says is that we should only be fishing for bass with hooks and not with nets, especially when stocks are on the verge of collapse.”

Callum Roberts, Professor of Marine Biology at York University and a trustee of BLUE, said:

It would make excellent economic sense to switch the sea bass fishery to hook and line fishing only.

This transition would yield the biggest economic reward, it would reduce fishing pressure, solve the problem of overfishing and allow rebuilding of the stock to healthy levels.
It would eliminate most of the environmental impacts associated with the commercial net and trawl fisheries, including prevention of damage to sensitive near-shore bottom habitats and by-catch of dolphins and porpoises
.”

ENDS

More Info
Martin Salter – Angling Trust National Campaigns:  07976 946033

David Mitchell – Marine Campaigns Manager: 07946 263131

Notes
1) Landings are the amount of fish (usually in weight) harvested from the sea and landed into ports (excluding discards, angler releases and natural mortality). Fishing Mortality is the total removal of fish from a stock due to fishing activities. ICES advised an 80% cut in landings but the Commission is working towards a 60% cut in fishing mortality in order to reach the Common Fisheries Policy objective of fishing at level of Maximum Sustainable Yield.

2) France takes 66 per cent of the bass caught in the Channel, with pair-trawlers estimated to take 25 per cent.  The French recreational sector takes the second highest number with 17 per cent.  UK anglers take six per cent, the same as drift and static nets.

3) Defra's own Sea Angling 2012 report shows there are 884,000 sea anglers in England who directly pump £1.23 billion p.a. into the economy and upon which 10,400 full time jobs are dependent. If induced and indirect impacts are taken into account these figures soar to £2.1 billion and 23,600 jobs. The VAT alone which is collected from sea anglers dwarfs the entire value of all commercial fish landings in England.

4) According to the report, drift-netting accounted for 61 per cent of all the bass taken but it delivered the lowest price for each fish caught.  The environmental effects included the possibility of dolphins and porpoises being caught in the nets as well as incidental catch of the rare Twaite and Aliss shad.

5) Pair-trawling with a net strung between two vessels for black sea bream landed bass as a by-catch. In some areas they were blamed for catching dolphins and porpoises, pair trawlers have been estimated as catching an average of 180 dolphins a year.

6) Moves to recreational angling only were made in the US striped bass and Texan red drum fisheries. These switches have led to successful rebuilding of both stocks and increased economic value. Many former commercial fishermen now work with recreational anglers.

7) Blue Marine Foundation summary report can be obtained here:  http://www.bluemarinefoundation.com/a-new-report-commissioned-by-blue-suggests-fish-should-only-be-caught-with-hooks/

8) Angling Trust 'Fishing Lines' Parliamentary Briefing can be read here /core/core_picker/download.asp?id=5879

9) The 90 minute parliamentary debate takes place at 9.30am in Westminster Hall on Wednesday December 3rd and will be replied to by Fisheries Minister George Eustice.

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