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The Cormorant Toolbox Read lots of information about how to protect your fishery from cormorants in this Intercafe Manual.

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Area-Based Licensing - How it Works Click here to find out more about how the area-based licensing system functions.

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Cormorant Scaring Log Download a spreadsheet to log progress and establish which methods work on your fishery.

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FMA A5 Leaflet Find out more about the work of the Fishery Management Advisors by downloading this A5 leaflet.

Fishery Management Advisors

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After a three year Angling Trust campaign to persuade the government to take action to tackle unsustainable avian predation, three Fishery Management Advisors (FMAs) were appointed in 2014 to cover the whole of England.  There are now two FMAs employed by the Angling Trust who have helped hundreds of fishery managers on both rivers and lakes not only with licence applications, but with practical advice about measures to protect fish using innovative techniques, such as the use of lasers and lifelike mannequins to deter birds, as well as exclusion tactics and fish refuge. The funding for the FMAs has recently been extended for a further three years, until April 2019.

The Angling Trust's FMAs also advise fishery managers on how to protect their fisheries from otter predation, including advice about fencing. They are also now licensed by Natural England to trap and remove otters that are trapped within appropriately and securely otter fenced still water fisheries. Find out more here.

Progress of the Fishery Management Advisors
In April 2016 the then-Environment Minister Rory Stewart concluded that the pilot project had been successful and that the initiative should continue as it had been successful in providing advice and practical support to angling clubs and fisheries over the past two years about how to protect fish from cormorants and goosanders.

The Minister also confirmed that where appropriate the new area-based approach to issuing licences for lethal control will continue, rather than requiring every individual fishery to submit an individual application. The Minister noted that the system has worked well and that it benefits fisheries, which are an important part of the rural economy.

The FMA posts are funded from rod licence income from the Environment Agency. The scheme has been managed by the Angling Trust under the guidance of a Project Board, which includes representatives from Defra, the RSPB, Natural England, Environment Agency, Cefas, independent fisheries scientists and the Angling Trust.

The expert advisors have also provided invaluable help with the paperwork required to carry out lethal control safely and responsibly either on an individual basis or via an area-based licence, which helps with co-ordination of control throughout a catchment. For additional shooting related enquiries please refer to the British Association for Shooting and Conservation (BASC) website.

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Cormorants and goosanders can often leave fish with serious wounds, which can later become infected and eventually prove fatal.

Jake Davoile, FMA for the south of England, explains: "There are currently 16 area-based cormorant licences in operation across England and all have seen the benefit of working together, and sharing knowledge. These include stretches of rivers, stillwaters, and fish farms, bringing fishery managers together for the greater good - Some have even expanded across whole catchments."

"Collating knowledge on the cormorant population is vital, as we get a clear understanding of the feeding patterns of birds, and can develop bespoke strategies to deal with predation. By working as one and utilising the cormorant’s incredible vision in flight, we can maximise the impacts of a shooting strategy if one is required."

"By coordinating shooting, we aim to condition birds in the most efficient manner not to predate on our valuable fish stocks. We have also seen great success using lifelike mannequins, which mimic the river keeper. These are completely weatherproof, easy to move, and by shooting from behind them, birds are conditioned to fear them, thus further protecting your fishery."

Richard Bamforth, FMA for the north of England added: “Some area licences extend along 92km of river and include multiple stillwaters. Alongside the clear benefits of a coordinated approach, this strategy also provides us with robust data to take forward to Defra. Remember, if the combined need for lethal control exceeds the current national limit, the limit will be reviewed."

Fisheries Management Advisors - Contact details

Please email, call our main office which is 0844 7700616 or contact the FMAs direct:

North West, North East, Yorkshire and Humber, Lincolnshire, East Midlands, West Midlands Richard Bamforth: | 07904 041518

South West, South East, London, South Midlands, East of England
Jake Davoile: | 07949 703206 

Bird counts

On area-based applications and licences we aim to cover the catchment (or part of) with the following:

Cormorant: Coordinated roosting bird data
Goosander: Coordinated river counts

Find out more about the Area-Based Licensing system here.

There is some fantastic advice available from the Environment Agency on building a fish refuge and a floating island:

Meet our Fishery Management Advisors....

Jake Davoile
Jake Davoille

Jake has extensive ‘hands on experience’ in reducing cormorant numbers in circumstances where lethal control was not possible on a reservoir through extensive research and practical application. A graduate of the University of Birmingham in Environmental Science, he specialised in freshwater ecology and the habitat requirements of fish. A keen coarse angler, recent captures include a stalked brace of carp at 35 and 40lb as well as an 8lb 12oz chub.

FMA Richard Bamforth
Richard Bamforth

From Lancaster, Richard graduated from the University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne with a degree in Countryside Management. His subsequent career has spanned habitat & water management for a large Water Company, project manager for a Heritage Lottery Project which included working with farmers, other land owners and government bodies and has worked with large sporting landowners as well as conservation organisations. A keen trout & coarse angler, he also enjoys taking his family fishing.

Natural England Fish-Eating Bird Licence Applications Forms

Contact: Angling Trust Eastwood House, 6 Rainbow Street, Leominster, Herefordshire HR6 8DQ
Tel: 0343 5077006 (For Membership enquiries select Option 1) |
Calls to our 0343 number are charged at the same rate as normal landline numbers.
Office hours are Mon - Thu 9.00-5.00 and Fri 4.30. Please leave a message if you call outside these hours or email us.
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